Institute of Ophthalmology-Clínica Girona (IOC) 
Juli Garreta, 13 2on pis · 17002 Girona
CIF B17356932
  Girona Mercantile Register
Volume 1198
Book 0
Page 57
Sheet 8
Folder GI-10123
Entry 5
 

Diseases

Diabetic Retinopathy

Definition: It is the most common cause of blindness in young patients. It is characterized by affecting retinal vessels, especially small ones(capillaries) causing them to break or dilate. This causes that the blood does not properly arrive where it should, causing bleeding or serum out of the vessels. At the beginning, the disease is completely asymptomatic. In the long run causes severe visual impairment.

Treatments:
  1. At the beginning of the disease, only is required observation. The laser (37) or intraocular injections (44) may be needed when it starts to affect vision. In very advanced cases intraocular surgery may be required by pars plana vitrectomy. (9).